Let's Visit Ephesus

Yazar : Tuncay Yurtsever
Dil : İngilizce
Sayfa Sayısı : 158
Ölçü : 16,5 x 23,5 cm
Yayınevi : Galeri Minyatür

Atatürk, Mustafa Kemal, the founder and the first president of the Turkish Republic, was born in 1881 in Selanik. When he was a small child, he lost his father and was raised by his mother, Zübeyde Hanım. He had his education in the military schools by his own choice, in spite of his mother's discontent. He was a very successful student. His math teacher, whose name was also Mustafa, one day said, "My boy, your name is Mustafa, so is mine ... we should change this. There must be a difference between us. From now on your name will be Mustafa Kemal ... " Kemal meaning mature and perfect. Atatürk is the national hero of the Turks. He always fought victoriously against the enemy, starting with the lowest rank, at Tripoly, at Gallipoli in the I. World War, on the Eastern front, and, finally, in the War of Independence which he commanded. The quality that saved his heroism from personal ambition was his patriotism. Atatürk, in the widest meaning of the words, was a changer of society, a revolutionary, and a reformer. He had a realistic outlook and power of thought and saw very well the nature of the Ottoman society in which he had passed his childhood and youth. He knew the social institutions and the values of the deteriorating empire. After the foundation of an independent Turkish state (1923), with the power of his great spirit he attacked the institutions that had for centuries been an obstacle to our progress in development. - The establishment of the Republic, the abolition of the Sultanate - The establishment of a secular state, the removal of the Caliphate - The acceptance of the Code of Civil law, the out ruling of the Islamic Law - The changing of the Arabic script to Latin letters
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