|Yazar|| : ||Dr. Cemil Toksöz, Res. Dr. Mübin Beken|
|Yayın Tarihi|| : ||Nisan, 1967|
|Dil|| : ||İngilizce|
|Sayfa Sayısı|| : ||48|
|Ölçü|| : ||12 x 16,5 cm|
|Yayınevi|| : ||Apa Ofset|
Historic Ephesus is one of the most famous of the 12 lonian cities on the Aegean coast of Anatolia.
The Achaeans, having established a highly developed civilisation in Greece, migrated to this part during the long period of time that followed the decline of the Anatolian Hitite Empire. They setlled in the valleys between İzmir and the River Meander founding new towns or rebuilding those that were already in existence, thus establishing the "city states" that were to play such an important role in the political and cultural life of the entire Hellenistic world.
Each of these city states with its surraunding territory was established as an independent and peacefully-functioning state, making and administering its own laws. However, as they shared the same religious beliefs. they were able to congregate at a comman sacred meeting-place known as the "Panianian".
The Achaean migratian into Western Anatolia took a long time.
The first-comers are thought to have been a group of adventurers who stayed for a considerable time on a small island immediately of Ephesus. Their numbers were swelled by those who came later and they absorbed the religious beliefs of the mainland city. In the 11th century B.C. the island had become so crowded that it was necessary to found a new colony.
After choosing Androcles, the son of the Athenian King Codros. as their leader. the Delphic Oracle was consulted. As a result of this they crossed from the island in boats and took possession of the mainland city opposite. He drove away a large section of the population, Leleges, Carians and Lydians. and developed the city and the Acropolis. He then distributed the fertile land to his people - good fishermen and farmers...