|Yazar|| : ||Garo Kürkman|
|İsbn|| : ||9759201534|
|Yayın Tarihi|| : ||Nisan, 2004|
|Dil|| : ||İngilizce|
|Sayfa Sayısı|| : ||473|
|Ölçü|| : ||24 x 32 cm|
|Yayınevi|| : ||Matüsalem Consulting and Publishing|
The development of western style painting in Ottoman Turkey in the 19th century is undoubtedly connected to changing political and social conditions.
Although Sultan Mehmet II invited western artists like Gentile Bellini and Constanza de Ferrara and commissioned portraits from them in the 15th century, the surviving paintings and medals by these artists must be regarded as exceptions.
Consequently, painting in the Ottoman world found acceptance only within the limited bounds of the arts of the book, in the decorative arts in the form of plants and landscapes inspired by nature, and occasionally in the form of wall and ceiling decoration in architecture.
However, increasing European influence from the 18th century onwards, the excitement created in these two different worlds by reciprocal visits of large diplomatic delegations, and the way in which curiosity and admiration replaced earlier fear of the Turks in the minds of Europeans, leading to new attitudes and trends, naturally found its reflection in the field of art.
Non-Muslim communities who were part of the remarkable mosaic of Ottoman society were quickest to adapt to this new milieu. They were not trammeled by Islamic restrictions on portrayal of the human figure, and moreover had always been prominent in the minor arts and crafts, so that adopting western style art and training was not a great leap for them to take. The Christians of Europe, with whom they were in close relations, undoubtedly helped to facilitate this process.
Expanding political relations with the European countries, particularly France, were meanwhile to lead to major military and social changes at the Ottoman court and in the upper echelons of society.
During the reign of Sultan Selim III, who commissioned his portrait from the painter Kostantin Kapıdağlı, art lessons were included on the curriculum of the Imperial Engineering School, founded by the same sultan in 1793/94, presaging a significant development.....
Dr. Nazan Ölçer (Director S. Sabancı Mu.), Dr. Filiz Çağman (Direktor Topkapı Palace Mu.)